September 02, 2021
Election 2021 Questionnaire Results for Port Moody-Coquitlam
Force of Nature Alliance is a Metro Vancouver regional organization pushing local governments to take bold action on climate change. We are a 100% volunteer organization supported by donations, organized in 6 teams across 9 municipalities. We’ve advocated for municipal climate emergency declarations, building standards, transportation issues, and a range of issues specific to the areas a given Community Action Team (CAT) operates, and our membership consists of thousands of individuals in the Lower Mainland.
We reached out to every candidate in Port Moody-Coquitlam with questions about their views and their parties' policies on climate action. We have provided their responses below along with a grade from us on each question.
We reached out to the Desta McPherson (PPC), Nelly Shin(CPC) and Roland Verrier (MLPC), but they have not responded to our requests.
|Will Davis||Bonita Zarrillo
|Emissions Reduction Target||40-45%||50%|
|Accountability||see answer||see answer|
|First Most Important Technology||Hydrogen*||Wind|
|Second Most Important Technology||Solar*||Geothermal|
|Technology||see answer||see answer|
|Will sign Fossil Fuel Non-Proliferation Treaty||Did Not Answer Clearly||Yes|
|Date to End Financial Support for Fossil Fuels||2023||Right Away|
|Will Actively Oppose TMX||No||Did Not Answer Clearly|
|Just Transition||see answer||see answer|
|Helping Canadians Reduce Emissions||see answer||see answer|
|Additional Comments||see answer||see answer|
The recent IPCC Code Red for Humanity report states that to prevent temperatures from rising more than 1.5 degrees Celsius, global emissions must be reduced to net-zero by 2050, and to meet that target global emissions must be drastically reduced (approximately 50%) by 2030. However, many countries that are poorer than Canada may lack the resources to make such a reduction by 2030, making it more important that richer countries fully achieve their goals.
What should Canada's 2030 emissions target commitment be, compared with its revised Paris Agreement target of a 40-45% reduction, and the IPCC’s recommended 50% reduction?
|Will Davis (LPC)||40-45%||
A re-elected Liberal government will advance new measures to achieve an ambitious 40-45% reduction in emissions from 2005 levels by 2030, and invest strategically to ensure we meet our target of net zero-emissions by 2050. My colleagues and I will work with all Canadians and the Net Zero Advisory Body to identify ways to accelerate our trajectory to net-zero emissions as soon as possible, and no later than 2050. I will also work to require oil and gas companies to meet even more stringent targets for reductions in methane emissions, as committed to in our platform.
|Bonita Zarrillo (NDP)||50%||
As the IPCC has made crystal clear, we need to get emissions down starting today. But we’re going backward under Justin Trudeau, and now are the only country in the G7 to have increase emissions over the last six years. And earlier this year at their party convention, the Conservatives refused to officially recognize the reality of climate change.
So Justin Trudeau can’t keep his climate promises, and Erin O’Toole won’t even try.
A New Democrat government will declare a climate emergency and immediately put in place the ambitious, science-based target of reducing our emissions by at least 50% from 2005 levels by 2030. To reach that goal, an NDP government will eliminate fossil fuel subsidies and invest in green infrastructure that moves our economy towards zero-carbon. We will work to retrofit all buildings in Canada by 2050, improve public transportation infrastructure, and shift our communities towards clean energy by setting a target of net carbon-free electricity by 2030.
In 2015, the Government of Canada committed to decreasing greenhouse gas emissions by 30% below 2005 levels by 2030. By 2019, not only had emissions seen no reduction, they had actually increased by approximately 1%.
What kind of accountability measures would you suggest to ensure we achieve our targets?
Will Davis (LPC): In November 2020, the Liberal Government introduced the Net-Zero Emissions Accountability Act, which establishes a legally binding process to set five-year national emissions-reduction targets starting in 2030, as well as to develop science-based emissions-reduction plans to achieve each target.
The Act holds the Government of Canada to account by requiring the Minister of Environment and Climate Change to report to Parliament on each national emissions target. The Act also requires the Minister of Finance to publish an annual report in which every federal department and crown corporation explains how it manages climate-related financial risks and opportunities, leading to investments that are better for the public purse and the environment. Additionally, a re-elected Liberal Government will legislate emissions caps and reductions for the oil and gas sector with 5-year targets to ensure that the sector reaches net-zero emissions by 2050. I support these efforts and commitments whole-heartedly.
Bonita Zarrillo (NDP): An NDP government will create a Climate Accountability Office to provide independent oversight of federal climate progress, to engage the public, and to make recommendations on how to achieve our goals.
To achieve net-zero by 2050, Environment and Climate Change Canada and the Canadian Energy Regulator suggest that Canada will have to emit little to no carbon dioxide with carbon dioxide removal technologies offsetting any remaining emissions. The clean energy revolution will require a mix of technologies.
Of the following options, which 2 (in order) are the most important to the future of Canada's economy: oil, natural gas, wind, solar, geothermal, tidal, nuclear, hydrogen, carbon capture, and direct air capture?
|Candidate||Top Choice||Second Choice||Statement|
|Will Davis (LPC)||Hydrogen||Solar||
Hydrogen and solar - though if batteries/energy storage were on the list, I would’ve picked that as it helps make many of the other options more effective!
|Bonita Zarrillo (NDP)||Wind||Geothermal||
Wind and geothermal.
4 Oil and Gas
According to the Government of Canada’s official greenhouse gas inventory, the largest source of emissions in the Canadian economy is the fossil energy sector. It has been our fastest growing source of emissions since 2005.
Will you sign the Fossil Fuel Non-Proliferation Treaty which calls for halting further expansion, phasing out fossil fuel production, and providing a just transition for impacted workers?
|Candidate||Will You Sign?||Statement|
|Will Davis (LPC)||Did Not Answer||
To reach our firm commitment of net-zero emissions by 2050, we must work with the energy sector. I support the Liberal pledge to legislate binding caps on emissions from the oil and gas sector to ensure that pollution only goes down from current levels. I also support our promise to nearly double methane emissions reduction targets.
|Bonita Zarrillo (NDP)||Yes||
5 Investment and Subsidization of Fossil Fuels
Currently, the fossil energy sector receives financial and regulatory support from the federal government in the form of investments, subsidies, tax breaks, and exemptions. These appear to run counter to the goal of transitioning away from the use of fossil fuels and getting to net zero emissions.
By what date will you commit to ending the financial and regulatory support provided to the fossil energy sector by the federal government?
|Will Davis (LPC)||2023||
Alongside the G20, we have already committed to the elimination of subsidies for fossil fuels by 2025. As your Liberal MP, I will work to accelerate this to 2023. I will also work to phase out public financing of the sector, and to eliminate flow-through shares for oil, gas, and coal projects.
|Bonita Zarrillo (NDP)||Right Away||
We will end subsidies to Big Oil and other fossil fuel corporations right away, and move those funds to the growing clean energy sector. The Liberals have been increasing corporate subsidies for years. And turned a blind eye to rising emissions. And nothing will change under the Conservatives, considering their official position that climate change isn’t real and Erin O’Toole’s plan to make the Northern Gateway a priority. We need to stop moving backward; let’s get to work with a real plan that will tackle emissions today!
6 Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion
The Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion twins an existing pipeline from the oil sands to Vancouver, nearly tripling the current pipeline capacity, to facilitate the exports of oil, which the IPCC emphasizes Canada must produce and sell less of.
Will you commit to actively opposing the continued construction and operation of the Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion?
|Candidate||Will Actively Oppose TMX||Statement|
|Will Davis (LPC)||No||
Greenhouse gas emissions associated with the TMX pipeline have been accounted for in the context of Canada's path to meeting our climate target, which we recently increased from 30% to 40-45%. But it's not enough to just set a target: you have to have a credible plan to get there. In December 2020, we launched one of the most detailed climate plans in the world. The transition to net-zero and a low-carbon economy won't happen overnight. Keeping Canada on track to get there requires smart, thoughtful policy-making that pushes us to be ambitious, while ensuring no one is left behind.
|Bonita Zarrillo (NDP)||Did Not Answer Clearly||
As our planet faces a climate emergency, how is it that Justin Trudeau bought one bitumen pipeline, and now Erin O’Toole wants to buy another? This doesn’t make sense for our country or our global responsibilities. It’s time to elect a leader who puts our planet, our kids and grandkids first.
7 Just Transition For Impacted Workers
The fossil energy sector is estimated to contribute $100 billion dollars to Canada’s GDP and support half a million direct and indirect jobs in Canada. Many Canadians stand to lose their livelihood and many Canadian communities stand to lose their ability to thrive if the fossil energy sector is to stop creating wealth. This presents a major consideration to Canada making its way to net zero carbon emissions.
How should impacted workers be supported in the transition to clean energy?
Will Davis (LPC): We are in a climate emergency and action can’t wait - but we can’t leave behind the hundreds of thousands of workers. Our platform commits to a $2 billion Futures Fund for oil-producing provinces to aid in economic diversification, and I will be proud to work with the Liberal team to ensure our Just Transition legislation incorporates feedback and knowledge from all impacted communities. A re-elected Liberal Government will also launch a Clean Jobs Training Centre to help industrial, skilled, and trade workers across sectors upgrade or gain new skills to be on the leading edge of zero-carbon industry.
The transition to a green economy is one of the greatest job creation opportunities in a generation, and we need a progressive, forward-looking government with a real plan to take advantage of it.
Bonita Zarrillo (NDP): We cannot and will not leave people behind. Moving to a zero-carbon economy presents a unique opportunity for new jobs and growth. Part of our plan involves created a million new jobs related to the clean energy sector – in electrifying transit and transportation, the massive undertaking of retrofitting buildings, and other clean growth industries. The other priority has to be in working with workers, communities and companies in traditional industries, as they move to value-added production. The perfect example is here at home, where BC has become a leader in the meeting the global demand for more mass timber and engineered wood products and production.
8 Helping Canadians Reduce Emissions
The top sources of emissions in Metro Vancouver include emissions from vehicles, and home heating. Across the country, residents of Canada could help reduce the country’s total carbon footprint by making personal choices that reduce their emissions.
What is the most important way the Government of Canada can support Canadians in reducing their personal emissions?
Will Davis (LPC): Getting the policy mix right. We’ve already implemented an aggressive national price on pollution - that’s the “push.” The “pull” includes things like rebates on zero-emission vehicles, supporting energy efficiency retrofits in homes and buildings, and improving public transit by creating the first permanent federal funding structure for it.
Bonita Zarrillo (NDP): The examples we need to follow as a society must come from the top – federal leadership is needed now more than ever. That means not only taking care of its own house by delivering on commitments to reduce emissions, but also in working with industries and communities to make it easier for people to become part of a clean-energy society.
9 What Else?
Media and political attention is not always on the most important or achievable aspects of an issue.
What aspect of climate action policy does not get enough attention in the current
Will Davis (LPC): The electrical grid. Storing energy at scale is a challenge that remains to be addressed, and regions like BC with abundant clean power could displace coal and gas generation in places like Alberta if our grids were more integrated. Electricity generation accounts for just under 10% of Canada’s emissions. A re-elected Liberal Government will prioritise investments in clean electricity and smart grids, and set Canada on a path to have a net-zero electricity grid by 2035.
Bonita Zarrillo (NDP): For me, it’s connecting the dots for people. And please forgive the generalities as I lay out my meaning here. But during summers like this with the wildfires and smoke, there’s both an intellectual and visceral understanding of the threat of climate change – but people don’t extend that to their everyday lives and realize, as an example, that letting their car idle for 30 minutes so they can keep their A/C on is contributing to the problem. On a larger scale, public information research has shown repeatedly that people don’t think our actions here in Canada can make any dent in the crisis relative to emission levels in other parts of the world, perceived or real. We need to undertake a massive awareness and education initiative to buy people into the belief that their actions can truly help solve our climate emergency.